Wednesday, September 30, 2015

Schmidt Othello Act 4 SR

Shakespeare’s Act 4 from Othello exhibits the dramatic swings of human behavior. Iago persistently bombards Othello with the images and invented proof of Desdemona and Cassio’s affair. Othello as result begins to treat Desdemona with hatred and bitterness. He slaps her in front of Lodovico, calls her a whore, and commands her off to bed. Just one act earlier Othello was boasting his love for Desdemona. The extreme switch in his behavior in Act 4 of Othello by Shakespeare demonstrates the striking waves of an individual’s behavior.


Shakespeare’s Othello Act 4 proves that humans are not infact creatures of consistency and equilibrium, because it gives evidence of Othello’s drastic change of perspective. Othello is fully convinced by Iago that Desdemona is romantically entwined with Cassio. Enraged by this, Othello begins to reprimand Desdemona. He calls her a whore, disrespects her, and slaps her in front of Lodovico. Worst of all he refuses to discuss the sources of the rumors, or work out the kinks of their relationship. Othello denies her pleads of honesty, then blatantly states “ I cry you mercy, then. I took you for that cunning whore of Venice That married with Othello” (Shakespeare 4.4, 103-104). Othello discards his loyalty and love for Desdemona with those very words, by belittling his beloved wife to a level worth little more than dirt. Othello calls Desdemona  a whore, something which only a little while ago would’ve never crossed his mind.
One might argue that Othello’s mind was forcefully swayed by Iago. He is indeed a mastermind of manipulation, and his cruel ways are pure toxins to Othello’s genuine demeanor. Iago pours his words of poison into Othello’s ears. He depicts the intimate relations of Cassio and Desdemona, prying his heart one way, and stabbing it in another by posing the statement “Or to be naked with her friend in bed An hour or more, not meaning any harm?” (Shakespeare 4.1, 5-6). He tells him of Desdemona’s entanglement with his own lieutenant, uncoiling all the loyalty Othello thought she owed him. He lures Othello in with the symbol of the handkerchief, and stages those he loves to say things out of context, which sends Othello’s paranoid mind into complete insanity.
After reading countless stanzas of Iago’s planned venom, one can easily begin to adopt the idea that Othello had no choice but to succumb to the sick ideals laid before him. But rather than focusing on Iago’s words, one must focus on the Othello that was first introduced, for Othello is an accurate depiction of a dramatically varying person. He did indeed fight for Desdemona’s love, and married her under agreement that he would love her till death do thy part. Othello a man battered by war, prejudice, and hardship, is easily swayed by words of diversion. Othello is a prime example of how easily riveted and diverged the human soul is.
Shakespeare’s Act 4 from Othello is an accurate representation of the moldability of the human mind, for Othello, the most hardwired of all, yields to force and turns on his love.

Thursday, September 24, 2015

REDO: Schmidt/Sage SR #1 Othello

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • No opinion
  • Must be in 3rd person
  • Attribute the ideas back to the author
  • No plot
  • In your own words

Summary:
Act 1” of Othello by William Shakespeare illustrates how love overpowers jealousy and anger. Brabantio, Iago, and Roderigo all try their best to tear Desdemona and Othello apart, but in the end the two stay married. Clearly, Othello by Shakespeare demonstrates the strong influence that love has on people and their decisions.

Response:
  • Make an argument: Othello proves that love overpowers the influence of prejudice and anger.
    • Take a position
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Othello by William Shakespeare unearths the power of love, and it’s capability to overcome prejudice and anger, because Othello and Desdemona remain in love even after Iago, Roderigo, and Brabantio all tried to tear them apart.

  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up:
      • what is happening in the story Brabantio, driven by rage and preconception, takes Othello before the Duke to penalize him for beseeching his daughter with so called witchcraft.
    • Evidence: Lead-in:   Othello articulates his affection for Desdemona by divulging the manner in which he won her over “ quotation” (‘“She loved me for the dangers I had passed, And I loved her that she did pity them. This only is the witchcraft I have used’” (Shakespeare 1.3 194-195). Desdemona then  pried her father’s heart by comparing her inevitable love to the love her mother has for Brabantio “quotation” (“‘And so much duty as my mother showed To you, preferring you before her father, So much I challenge that I may profess Due to the Moor my lord’” (Shakespeare 1.3 215-218)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim Both Othello and Desdemona remain in love, even when her own father proclaims his hatred for the Moor. Desdemona’s love for Othello withstands resentment and anger from her father. They both continue to fight for what they love, regardless of the prosecution from Brabantio.

  • Counterclaim 1: However one may argue that since Iago and Roderigo still despise Othello even after he and Desdemona profess their love. It proves love does not overpower prejudice and anger.
    • Set-up As Othello begins to vocalize his defense, it is clear Iago remains unmoved
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “‘She must change for youth. When she is sated with his body she will find the error of her choice’” (Shakespeare 1.3 393-394).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Evidently Iago still finds Othello and Desdemona's love to be of weak and superficial nature. His hate for Othello continues, even when Othello has suppressed himself to a stance of compassion and weakness.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? A common view is that love has no effect on someones feelings of anger or prejudice. Roderigo’s and Iago's emotions were not changed when they saw the true love of Othello and Desdemona, so therefor love doesn’t alter anything. However, there is a clear example of how love does change the view of someone. Othello and Desdemona’s love defies all love, as it endured torment from even the most influential of characters.. Even the Duke was profound by the pride and affection between the newly weds “‘Your son in law is far more fair than black’” (Shakespeare 1.3 331)Shakespeare demonstrates love can overpower anger and betrayal.

Concluding sentence: restate main idea Othello by Shakespeare proves love is as forceful as its antithesis, although there are deterrents, extreme love will bear through hatred.

REDO: Schmidt/Sage SR #2 Othello

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
Act 2 of Othello by William Shakespeare demonstrates how jealousy and betrayal override love. Iago is so jealous and angry that he was able to forget all his years of friendship with Othello and plot against him. He secretly manipulates the people around him into believing what he wants them to believe. Iago wants Othello’s marriage with Desdemona to fall apart, and he tries his hardest to do that. Clearly, Shakespeare’s Othello illustrates the strong power that jealousy holds on people.

Response:
  • Make an argument
    • Take a position
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Othello by William Shakespeare correctly portrays how jealousy and betrayal overpowers love because Iago abandons his loyalty and love towards Othello.

  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up: Iago’s years of companionship with Othello are discarded as soon as Othello gives Cassio the position that Iago desired.
      • what is happening in the story
    • Evidence: Lead-in: When Cassio loses his position due to a fight, Iago wants Cassio to use Desdemona as a tool to gain back his position. Iago tells Cassio to “ quotation” ( “Confess yourself freely to her. Importune her help to put you in place again” ( Shakespeare 2.3. 337-339). )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim Despite his years of serving by the side of Othello, Iago proceeds to tear apart his love with Desdemona, and his relationship with his Lieutenant. Iago’s jealousy for Cassio, casts a  shadow upon his faith for Othello.   

  • Counterclaim 1:  
    • Set-up However Desdemona and Othello’s relationship shows a contrary view. Their love stays strong through peril and sabotaging.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  This is prevalent when Othello and Desdemona profess their love for each other openly. When Othello returns, Desdemona runs to him exclaiming “ quotation” ( “ It gives me wonder great as intent To see you here before me. O my soul’s joy!” (2.1 199-200).  )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Shakespeare proves that Othello and Desdemona remain a force to be reckoned with,  regardless of those who try to sabotage their love.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? A common view is that Othello’s and Desdemona’s marriage shows the power of love. What is often not considered is Cassio and Desdemona’s relationship that seems a little too close for comfort. Soon Othello subjects himself to jealousy. Even the most loyal people sometimes stray from their devotions as Desdemona does. In combination with the example of Iago’s treason, the evidence becomes overwhelming. Jealousy can always ignite into betrayal, and betrayal will overrule love.
Concluding sentence: restate main idea Othello by William Shakespeare is a prime example of how deception is often rooted from jealousy, and can overpower love.

Thursday, September 17, 2015

Isabella/ Sage Othello Act 2 S/R

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
Act 2 of Othello by William Shakespeare demonstrates how jealousy and betrayal override love. Iago is so jealous and angry that he was able to forget all his years of friendship with Othello and plot against him. He secretly manipulates the people around him into believing what he wants them to believe. Iago wants Othello’s marriage with Desdemona to fall apart, and he tries his hardest to do that. Clearly, Shakespeare illustrates the strong power that jealousy holds on people.

Response:
  • Make an argument
    • Take a position
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Othello by William Shakespeare correctly portrays how jealousy and betrayal overpowers love because Iago abandons his loyalty and love towards Othello.

  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up: Iago’s years of companionship with Othello are discarded as soon as Othello gives Cassio the position that Iago desired.
      • what is happening in the story
    • Evidence: Lead-in: When Cassio loses his position due to a fight, Iago wants Cassio to use Desdemona as a tool to gain back his position. Iago tells Cassio to “ quotation” ( “Confess yourself freely to her. Importune her help to put you in place again” ( Shakespeare 2.3. 337-339). )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim Despite his years of serving by the side of Othello, Iago proceeds to tear apart his love with Desdemona, and his relationship with his Lieutenant. Iago’s jealousy for Cassio, casts a shadow upon his faith for Othello.   

  • Counterclaim 1:  
    • Set-up However Desdemona and Othello’s relationship shows a contrary view. Their love stays strong through peril and sabotaging.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  This is prevalent when Othello and Desdemona profess their love for each other openly. When Othello returns, Desdemona runs to him exclaiming “ quotation” ( “ It gives me wonder great as intent To see you here before me. O my soul’s joy!” (2.1 199-200).  )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Shakespeare proves that Othello and Desdemona remain a force to be reckoned with,  regardless of those who try to sabotage their love.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? A common view is that Othello and Desdemona’s marriage shows how jealousy and betrayal cannot overrule love. Although Cassio and Desdemona’s relationship seems a little too close for comfort. Soon Othello subjects himself to jealousy. Even the most loyal people sometimes stray from their devotions as Desdemona does. In combination with the example of Iago’s treason, the evidence becomes overwhelming. Jealousy can always ignite into betrayal, and betrayal will overrule love.
Concluding sentence: restate main idea Othello by William Shakespeare is a prime example of how deception is often rooted from jealousy.

Thursday, September 10, 2015

Schmidt/Sage Act 1.3 Summary Response Outline

Summary:
Act 1” of Othello by William Shakespeare illustrates how love overpowers jealousy and anger. Brabantio was convinced by Othello and Desdemona's love for one another and was able to forget the displeasure and rage he felt with the situation. He heard both sides of the story, and decided to let the lovers stay with one another. Clearly, Shakespeare demonstrates the strong influence that love has on people and their decisions.

Response:
  • Make an argument: Othello proves that love overpowers the influence of prejudice and anger.
    • Take a position
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Othello by William Shakespeare unearths the power of love, and it’s capability to overcome prejudice and anger, because Brabantio’s prejudice and aggravation is altered after Othello and Desdemona's’ sincere pleads of love.

  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up:
      • what is happening in the story Brabantio, driven by rage and preconception, takes Othello before the Duke to penalize him for “beseeching his daughter with so called witchcraft”.
    • Evidence: Lead-in:   Othello articulates his affection for Desdemona by divulging the manner in which he won her over “ quotation” (‘“She loved me for the dangers I had passed, And I loved her that she did pity them. This only is the witchcraft I have used’” (Shakespeare 1.3 194-195). Desdemona then  pried her father’s heart by comparing her inevitable love to the love her mother has for Brabantio “quotation” (“‘And so much duty as my mother showed To you, preferring you before her father, So much I challenge that I may profess Due to the Moor my lord’” (Shakespeare 1.3 215-218)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim Both Othello and Desdemona use their best role play to manipulate Brabantio’s heart strings. It is a success, as Brabantio softens and begins to embrace Othello.

  • Counterclaim 1: However one may argue that since Iago and Roderigo still despise Othello even after he and Desdemona profess their love, it proves love does not overpower prejudice and anger.
    • Set-up As Othello begins to vocalize his defense, it is clear Iago remains unmoved
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “‘She must change for youth. When she is sated with his body she will find the error of her choice’” (Shakespeare 1.3 393-394).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Evidently Iago still finds Othello and Desdemona's love to be of weak and superficial nature. His hate for Othello continues, even when Othello has suppressed himself to a stance of compassion and weakness.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? A common view is that love has no effect on someones feelings of anger or prejudice. Roderigo and Iago's emotions were not changed when they saw the true love of Othello and Desdemona, so therefor love doesn’t alter anything. However, there is a clear example of how love does change the view of someone. Brabantio’s mind, even when filled with anger and hate, was still altered when he saw the immense amount of love that Othello and Desdemona had for one another. Even the Duke was profound by the pride and affection between the newly weds “‘Your son in law is far more fair than black’” (Shakespeare 1.3 331)This just goes to show how powerful love truly is.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea Through the complexity of these social injustices, one theme becomes prevalent: love is as forceful as its antithesis. Although there are deterrents, even the cruelest characters will soften with endearment.

Tuesday, September 1, 2015

Isabella/ Sage Bully Summary and Response Outline

Summary: The film “Bully” by Lee Hirsch leaks the raw horror behind the victims of bullying. It follows the lives of a handful of bully victims, all of whom have remarkable stories of triumph and torment. To further move the reader, the film also covers the tragic suicides some teens committed after relentless harassment.

Response:
  • Make an argument
    • Take a position
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Bully by Lee Hirsch correctly portrays the detrimental effects of bullying, because of it’s heart wrenching inside stories of bully victims, and the lackadaisical approach taken to end it .

  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up: When Alex’s parents finally started to see what was truly happening to their son at school, they were appalled.
      • what is happening in the story
    • Evidence: Lead-in:   They went to Alex and tried to comprehend how he didn't feel hurt by this and all he could say was “ quotation” (  “I’m starting to think I don't feel anything anymore,” (Hirsch).   
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: Alex’s parents quickly went to the school's principal and tried to put an end to the cruel bullying. But the principle did not apply enough emphasis to fix the issue and Alex's affliction persisted on a daily basis. This demonstrates just how inadequate the approaches to terminate bullying actually are.

  • Counterclaim 1: However, at times the adults involved tried their hardest to end the torment.
    • Set-up: A boy named Tyler committed suicide when he was just 17. His parents set up a meeting at the town hall to inform other parents, students, teachers, and families of the effects of bullying. They wanted to make a change.
    • Evidence: Lead-in: Tyler's dad recounted their story to the gathering of people, “ quotation” ( “ I will go to my grave until a difference is made,” (Hirsch)  )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: This demonstrates how much people do care about the issue and how important it is for them to put a stop to bullying.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?: A common view is that the bullying in these stories is acknowledged and that the adults do try their hardest to put a stop to it. However, the issue is that students are still getting hurt. They are still feeling the immense pain caused by their peers. This just goes the show that adults are not really putting an end to bullying, or helping it at in any way at all.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea: Hirsh illustrates how proper action must be taken to end bullying, and as of now, little to no action is being taken at all.