Summary Response Outline
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
- Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
- Explanation of ideas
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea
- No opinion
- Must be in 3rd person
- Attribute the ideas back to the author
- No plot
- In your own words
“Act 1” of Othello by William Shakespeare illustrates how love overpowers jealousy and anger. Brabantio, Iago, and Roderigo all try their best to tear Desdemona and Othello apart, but in the end the two stay married. Clearly, Othello by Shakespeare demonstrates the strong influence that love has on people and their decisions.
- Make an argument: Othello proves that love overpowers the influence of prejudice and anger.
- Take a position
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Othello by William Shakespeare unearths the power of love, and it’s capability to overcome prejudice and anger, because Othello and Desdemona remain in love even after Iago, Roderigo, and Brabantio all tried to tear them apart.
- Claim 1:
- what is happening in the story Brabantio, driven by rage and preconception, takes Othello before the Duke to penalize him for beseeching his daughter with so called witchcraft.
- Evidence: Lead-in: Othello articulates his affection for Desdemona by divulging the manner in which he won her over “ quotation” (‘“She loved me for the dangers I had passed, And I loved her that she did pity them. This only is the witchcraft I have used’” (Shakespeare 1.3 194-195). Desdemona then pried her father’s heart by comparing her inevitable love to the love her mother has for Brabantio “quotation” (“‘And so much duty as my mother showed To you, preferring you before her father, So much I challenge that I may profess Due to the Moor my lord’” (Shakespeare 1.3 215-218)
- Explanation of quotation to prove claim Both Othello and Desdemona remain in love, even when her own father proclaims his hatred for the Moor. Desdemona’s love for Othello withstands resentment and anger from her father. They both continue to fight for what they love, regardless of the prosecution from Brabantio.
- Counterclaim 1: However one may argue that since Iago and Roderigo still despise Othello even after he and Desdemona profess their love. It proves love does not overpower prejudice and anger.
- Set-up As Othello begins to vocalize his defense, it is clear Iago remains unmoved
- Evidence: Lead-in “‘She must change for youth. When she is sated with his body she will find the error of her choice’” (Shakespeare 1.3 393-394).
- Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Evidently Iago still finds Othello and Desdemona's love to be of weak and superficial nature. His hate for Othello continues, even when Othello has suppressed himself to a stance of compassion and weakness.
- What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? A common view is that love has no effect on someones feelings of anger or prejudice. Roderigo’s and Iago's emotions were not changed when they saw the true love of Othello and Desdemona, so therefor love doesn’t alter anything. However, there is a clear example of how love does change the view of someone. Othello and Desdemona’s love defies all love, as it endured torment from even the most influential of characters.. Even the Duke was profound by the pride and affection between the newly weds “‘Your son in law is far more fair than black’” (Shakespeare 1.3 331)Shakespeare demonstrates love can overpower anger and betrayal.
Concluding sentence: restate main idea Othello by Shakespeare proves love is as forceful as its antithesis, although there are deterrents, extreme love will bear through hatred.